Hacking is identifying weaknesses in computer systems or networks to exploit their weaknesses to gain control.
Example of Hacking: Using a password cracking algorithm to gain access to a system.
Computers have become mandatory to run a successful business. It is not enough to have isolated computer systems;
they need to be networked to facilitate communication with external businesses. This exposes them to the outside world and hacking.
Hacking means using computers to commit fraudulent acts such as privacy invasion, stealing corporate/personal data, etc.
Cyber crimes cost many organizations millions of dollars every year.
Businesses need to protect themselves against such attacks.
A Hacker is a person who finds and exploits the weaknesses in computer systems and networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with knowledge of computer security.
Hackers are classified according to the intent of their actions.
The following list classifies 3 types of hackers according to their intent:-
-> Ethical Hacker (White hat): A hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fixing the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.
-> Cracker (Black hat): A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. The intent is usually to steal corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts, etc.
-> Grey hat: A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. He/she breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.